© Jeffrey Phillips

Cricket in fiction

The greatest cricketer who never lived

In the first of a series on cricket in fiction, a look at Chinaman, in which the game isn't so much plot driver as plinth

Benjamin Golby |

There is more cricket fiction than is probably thought to exist. Screeds of it, in fact, with a curious abundance of thrillers and murder mysteries stretching from Dorothy Sayers' Oxford Blue amateur sleuth Lord Peter Wimsey to Ted Dexter's Testkill.

As is often the case with artistry, novelists tackle cricket in a manner one might not otherwise think up. "How different would English summers be without slip fielders?" Jennie Walker's 24 for 3 contemplates. Arthur Conan Doyle's Spedegue's Dropper has a schoolteacher bowling 50 feet upward for the ball to fall vertically onto the stumps. Anthologies of cricket's gilded writings tend toward literary pedigree, such as All-Muggleton's jolly trouncing of Dingley Dell in Charles Dickens' Pickwick Papers. Evergreen in the game, too, is celebrating an England of green fields surely more emerald than ever was the case in life. Upstanding here is the nostalgic village-cricket schmaltz of Hugh de Selincourt's The Cricket Match.

Cricket fiction is not only the stuff of odd recesses and antique periods, though. There has been a recent spate of highly literate, fun, international and engaging novels concentrated upon the sport. A bright place to start when discussing cricket fiction is the most convivial of these, Shehan Karunatilaka's Chinaman: The Legend of Pradeep Mathew.

Chinaman is a novel of talent not realised. It's the story of potentially the greatest cricketer who ever lived proving not to be. Think to those cricketers you have known and willed on who never followed through at the elite level. From recent figures such as Rory Hamilton-Brown, and others doleful, like Richard "Danny Germs" Austin, to those of more parochial standing. Of the latter, Sridharan Jeganathan, Roshan Guneratne, and Anura Ranasinghe, fringe Sri Lankan spinners from the 1980s who all died young and forlorn, are likely unfamiliar. Chinaman amalgamates their obscure fates and a swathe of other half-true stories from Sri Lankan cricket into the story of a left-arm unorthodox and his resolute biographer. Tailing a course of murky sporting oblivion, it has explanations and diagrams of cricketing points (wicket, follow-on, Duckworth Lewis), some factual and some discursive. It's full of lists, discussions of statistics and style, and features endless references to Sri Lanka's 1996 World Cup victory. And there's a little person in a bunker under a pitch who records the ambient audio of matches on reel-to-reel.

In a genial, rambling style, the eponymous chinaman's more fantastic proportions - as an ambidextrous bowler capable of pace and spin and mimicry of others' styles - are diverting rather than absurd

Perhaps unexpectedly, this is all quite readable and, like Harry Potter, a page-turner. Indeed, following publication in 2010, Chinaman was a literary success with wide appeal. It won awards, avid fans, was raved about in prestigious publications, and released in the United States under a downplayed name. Many claimed, somewhat unimaginatively, that it was the "Great Sri Lankan Novel". Such highbrow feting is perhaps a trifle surprising to cricket fans, whose love for the game is usually looked down upon by literary sorts, for the novel is ensconced in the sport and its lore in the same way meat is in a steak.

Being a large book, it's about much else besides. Its narrator - an alcoholic retired sportswriter consumed with his own failings and indulgences - leads the reader from middle-class suburban life in Mount Lavinia round about Colombo and eventually onto a backpacker bus through New Zealand's North Island with a conceited musician. There is something of the cricket mystery genre as dubious titbits of information are trailed in bumbling detective fashion (although their theme is a forgotten cricket career rather than murder most foul). In a genial, rambling style, the eponymous chinaman's more fantastic proportions - as an ambidextrous bowler capable of pace and spin and mimicry of others' styles, with an arsenal of mystery spin balls that might bounce twice or fly 20 feet into the air (just like Spedegue's Dropper) - are diverting rather than absurd.

Along with Chinaman's merits as a novel and in making cricket palatable to the great unwashed, the author is to be commended for his research. Karunatilaka is, by his own admission, a casual cricket fan. The sort to watch bits of a World Cup, perhaps the odd Test. Thinking of the game's potential as a vehicle for fiction, he gave himself over to it for a few years. Kept odd hours for telecasts and watched every Sri Lankan match from 1982 to 1999. Read any piece of writing he could on the subject. Spoke to old drunks in bars. (Perhaps sounds like your workaday life.)

The result is fairly impeccable. Chinaman's detailing of cricket through the 1980s and early 1990s - with some figures fused and others altered in name - is accomplished. Australians are boorish, Boycott is needling, all are condescending to Sri Lanka, and sinister forces lurk at the game's edges.

© Random House

Moreover, cricket is not only balls bowled or shots played and runs scored, but what happens when these things occur - a sport of entireties and ancillaries. The depiction of the game's ardency is particularly superb; the habits of those who populate the novel are much the same as of those who read this publication.

Faultless and intricate in construction, Chinaman nonetheless misses an ineffable something of the game. Without being able to point to definite error, the depiction of cricket, like a reproduction made from a master's canvas, feels a little off. It seems a pastiche at times, a mimicry of those who love the game, with the detailing exact and the effect meaningless. Perhaps here is the distinction between cricket fiction where a novelist puts the game to use, and a devotee - an obsessive, fanatic, tragic - using the novel as a vehicle for cricket.

What to do, though, with a novelist hijacking cricket for his own ends, one not worshipping at the game's altar with his art? Well, read him for a start. Whatever quibbles about Chinaman as a book of cricket, it's a cavorting read. Nicholas Hogg, writing for ESPNcricinfo, suggests writing a cricket book yourself. Sensible notion, unlikely to be done. How about moving onto another book? Grand. Let's leave Testkill (not to mention Ted Dexter's golf murder mystery, Deadly Putter) until it turns up at a jumble sale. There's plenty of others for the meantime.


Spinners or Plumbers?

The Great Lankan Opening Batsman once claimed that just because he could hit a ball with a bat it didn't make him better than anyone else. Was he being falsely modest or genuinely humble? Like many of our local umpires and selectors over the years, I will give him the benefit of the doubt.

But there is some truth to what he says. Does Sri Lanka need more schoolteachers, more soldiers, or more wicketkeepers? What's more useful to society? A middle order batsman or a bank manager? A specialist gully fieldsman or a civil engineer? A left-arm spinner or a plumber?

I have been told by members of my own family that there is no use or value in sports. I only agree with the first part.

I may be drunk, but I am not stupid. Of course there is little point to sports. But, at the risk of depressing you, let me add two more cents. There is little point to anything. In a thousand years, grass will have grown over all our cities. Nothing of anything will matter.

Left-arm spinners cannot unclog your drains, teach your children or cure you of disease. But once in a while, the very best of them will bowl a ball that will bring an entire nation to its feet. And while there may be no practical use in that, there is most certainly value.

Chinaman: The Legend of Pradeep Mathew
By Shehan Karunatilaka

Benjamin Golby is a pre-school music teacher and roulette croupier. Jeffrey Phillips is a Melbourne-based artist





  • POSTED BY sri on | November 19, 2016, 22:01 GMT

    I read Shehan's book with a mixture of laughter and tears all at the same time. I can relate to the locations mentioned there in and also to the quintessential Sri Lankan characteristics of the playmakers. Well done! It was hightime that something like this was written and lo and behold by a Sri Lankan to wit.

  • POSTED BY Victor Trumper on | October 30, 2016, 23:44 GMT

    Hello Aina Maria Waseem,

    Rest assured your comments are valued and read! Most certainly PG Wodehouse, Mike and Psmith are in contention. Wodehouse is (to my mind) the best writer to assay cricket in fiction even if his cricket writing isn't the best of the work in the genre (these being among his earliest works, Wodehouse realising with age that golf is more appealing a subject to the international reading market.)

    Lovely to read everyone else's comments. 'Chinaman' is a fantastic novel, indeed. Hope that you enjoy the rest of the series!


  • POSTED BY Cricinfouser on | October 25, 2016, 18:50 GMT

    just deviating from Pradeep a kid i used to hear on AIR about Siddarth Wettimuny, Ratnayake brothers, Kuruppu, Don Arunasiri, Duleep Mendis, Aravinda de Silva, Arjuna Ranatunga and none other than the god of Srilankan Cricket ROY DIAS. It was a seriously talented SL team which eventually broke into mainstream.

  • POSTED BY udendra on | October 24, 2016, 10:06 GMT

    After reading this book I started seeing every cricket match as fixed!!

  • POSTED BY Nirmalya Kajuri on | October 24, 2016, 7:35 GMT

    Great article. The novel taught me quite a bit about Sri Lankan history and politics, but in my opinion those were not its best bits. And I agree with Benjamin that the cricket never quite came alive either. The parts that really came alive were about the old, impractical cricket-obsessed friends. Their mad love for the game; fighting over it, living for it, dying for it - that was the real heart of the novel.

    ..This comment section is such a delight that I can't leave without 'liking' all of the comments. Sunil_T's ' Forrest Gump in Sri Lanka' is the best possible description of Pradeep Matthew. To fellow Wodehouse fan Aina Maria Waseem, my sympathies.

  • POSTED BY Aina Maria Waseem on | October 23, 2016, 19:13 GMT

    I have a nominee for a fictional cricketer, if someone relevant reads this. PG Wodehouse is one of my favourite novelists and there was absolutely no tragedy in his land but from my point of view there was one. Psmith's friend Mike Jackson was lost to cricket...

  • POSTED BY Charles on | October 23, 2016, 12:41 GMT

    This is an outstanding book. Cricket's response to "Shoeless Joe - Field of Dreams" I would say. Obviously fictional and comedic in parts but deadly, deadly serious. I have never had the pleasure of going to Sri Lanka and doubt I will ever get the chance but having read this book I feel that I know the country and its people better than many of the places I have visited.

  • POSTED BY sunil on | October 23, 2016, 11:58 GMT

    Pradeep Mathew, Forest Gump of Sri Lankan cricket. i loved this book and read it couple of time end to end. First, just to see what happens, and then a couple of times more to enjoy the characters and their antics. It was also fun trying to figure out which fictional charters match to the actual people. This was an amazing book, especially considering that it was written by a non-native English speaker.

  • POSTED BY Thinesh on | October 23, 2016, 11:09 GMT

    I suppose it is fair to judge the novel critically from a cricketing perspective here, as this Cricinfo after all. But from the point of view of a novel about Sri Lanka, with all its colours, characters, flaws and underlying conflicts---the novel exceeds expectations, and surely ranks as among the great portraits of a nation. That is does this primarily through the prisms of cricket and great humour (often strongly related) is a huge bonus. I couldnt put it down! I felt this book gave me a clear window of space and time, into a country and its people, and surely that is a phenomenal achievement. Im looking forward to reading it again